diffraction analysis

The application of diffraction techniques (X-rays, electrons, neutrons) which are sometimes used to identify the presence of certain solid aerosols and dust particles through the characteristic diffraction patterns which result from each unique crystal structure.
PAC, 1990, 62, 2167. 'Glossary of atmospheric chemistry terms (Recommendations 1990)' on page 2184 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199062112167)