Carbon fibres grown in an atmosphere of hydrocarbons with the aid of fine particulate solid catalysts such as iron or other transition metals and consisting of graphitizable carbon.
Gas-phase-grown carbon fibres transform during @G02692@ into @G02686@. These show a very high degree of preferred orientation and are particularly suitable for intercalation treatments. The term 'vapour-grown carbon fibres' alternatively used in the literature is acceptable. The use of the term 'CVD fibres' is not recommended as an alternative for gas-phase-grown carbon fibres since the term 'CVD fibres' also describes fibres grown by a chemical vapour deposition (CVD) process on substrate fibres.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473. 'Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)' on page 490 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199567030473)