A mass spectrometer in which ions of different mass/charge are separated by means of crossed electric and magnetic fields in such a way that the selected ions follow a prolate trochoidal path. The usual term 'cycloidal' used sometimes is incorrect because the path used is not cycloidal. A cycloid is a special case of a trochoid.
Orange Book, 2nd ed., p. 203 (http://media.iupac.org/publications/analytical_compendium/)
PAC, 1991, 63, 1541. 'Recommendations for nomenclature and symbolism for mass spectroscopy (including an appendix of terms used in vacuum technology). (Recommendations 1991)' on page 1545 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199163101541)