Rydberg transition

An electronic transition described approximately as promotion of an electron from a 'bonding' orbital to a Rydberg orbital. Spectral bands corresponding to Rydberg transitions approximately fit the Rydberg formula: \[\sigma = I - \frac{R}{(n\,-\,\mathit{\Delta })^{2}}\] where σ is the wavenumber, I the ionization potential of the atom or molecular entity, n a principal quantum number, R the Rydberg constant, and Δ the quantum defect which differentiates between s, p, d, etc., orbitals. The notation used is, e.g. π → ns.
PAC, 1996, 68, 2223. 'Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)' on page 2272 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199668122223)