stress graphitization

https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.S06052
The solid-state transformation of non-graphitic carbon into graphite by heat treatment combined with application of mechanical stress, resulting in a defined degree of graphitization being obtained at a lower temperature and/or after a shorter time of heat treatment than in the absence of applied stress.
Note:
Stress @[email protected] may also occur in volume elements of a carbon body in the process of heat treatment as a result of the action of internal residual or thermal stresses.
Source:
PAC, 1995, 67, 473. 'Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)' on page 505 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199567030473)