An arrangement using the fact that ions of different mass/charge need different times to travel through a certain distance in a field-free region after they have all been initially given the same translational energy.
Orange Book, 2nd ed., p. 202 (http://media.iupac.org/publications/analytical_compendium/)
PAC, 1991, 63, 1541. 'Recommendations for nomenclature and symbolism for mass spectroscopy (including an appendix of terms used in vacuum technology). (Recommendations 1991)' on page 1546 (https://doi.org/10.1351/pac199163101541)