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Cations HR3N+ formed by hydronation of an amine R3N . 'Non-quaternary ammonium ions' is a synonymous term, e.g. prolinium, PhN+HMe2 , N,N-dimethylanilinium.
Note:
If a class X can be hydronated to Xium ions the class Xium ions commonly includes the derivatives formed by the replacement of the added hydron with a hydrocarbyl group. Aminium ions form an exception, made possible by the availability of the class name ammonium ions.
See also: onium compounds
Source:
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307 (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1316
InChI=1/C8H11N/c1-9(2)8-6-4-3-5-7-8/h3-7H,1-2H3/p+1/fC8H12N/h9H/q+1
JLTDJTHDQAWBAV-DBIZMCLMCF
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A.Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. doi:10.1351/goldbook.
Last update: 2008-10-07; version: 2.0.2.
DOI of this term: doi:10.1351/goldbook.A00277.
Original PDF version (may be out of date): http://www.iupac.org/goldbook/A00277.pdf.
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