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An adduct formed by electron-pair donation from a π-orbital into a σ-orbital, or from a σ-orbital into a π-orbital, or from a π-orbital into a π-orbital. For example:
Such an adduct has commonly been known as a 'π-complex', but, as the bonding is not necessarily weak, it is better to avoid the term complex.
See also: coordination
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077 (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1154
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307 (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1312
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IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8.
Last update: 2014-02-24; version: 2.3.3.
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