Similar in construction to a vacuum phototube
except that it is filled with a noble gas (usually
) at a pressure of about
. Photoelectrons accelerated by the anodeelectric potential
ionize gas atoms. The additional electrons provide a substantial intrinsic gain.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1745
(Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-XI. Detection
of radiation (IUPAC Recommendations 1995))
on page 1753
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook