The tendency of hydrocarbons
(or of lipophilic
hydrocarbon-like groups in solutes) to form intermolecular
aggregates in an aqueous medium, and analogous intramolecular
interactions. The name arises from the attribution of the phenomenon to the apparent
repulsion between water and hydrocarbons
. However, the phenomenon ought to be attributed to the effect of the hydrocarbon-like
groups on the water-water interaction. The misleading alternative term 'hydrophobic bond
' is discouraged.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077
(Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994))
on page 1123
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook