Separation based mainly upon exclusion effects, such as differences in molecular size
and/or shape (e.g. molecular-sieve chromatography
) or in charge (e.g. ion-exclusion chromatography
). The term gel
is widely used for the process when the stationary phase is a gel
. The term gel
is not recommended.
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook