Natural products and related compounds formally derived from isoprene units (see isoprenoids
). They contain oxygen in various functional groups. This class is subdivided according
to the number of carbon atoms in the same manner as are terpenes
. The skeleton of terpenoids may differ from strict additivity of isoprene units by
the loss or shift of a fragment, generally a methyl group.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307
(Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on
structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995))
on page 1371
IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by
A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).
XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic,
J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook