A @[email protected] containing an even number of electrons with a significant portion of the excess positive charge located on one or more carbon atoms. This is a general term embracing @[email protected], all types of @[email protected] vinyl cations, etc. Carbocations may be named by adding the word '@[email protected]' to the name of the corresponding radical. Such names do not imply structure (e.g. whether three-coordinated or five-coordinated carbon atoms are present).
See also:
bridged carbocation
radical ion
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1093 [Terms] [Paper]
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1325 [Terms] [Paper]