The minimum pressure which would suffice to liquefy a substance at its @[email protected] Above the critical pressure, increasing the temperature will not cause a fluid to vaporize to give a two-phase system.
Source: PAC, 1993, 65, 2397. (Nomenclature for supercritical fluid chromatography and extraction (IUPAC Recommendations 1993)) on page 2399 [Terms] [Paper]
Cite as: IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). Online version (2019-) created by S. J. Chalk. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.