A method of exceptional scientific status which is sufficiently accurate to stand alone in the determination of a given property for the certification of a @R05230@. Such a method must have a firm theoretical foundation so that @S06235@ is negligible relative to the intended use. Analyte masses (amounts) or concentrations must be measured directly in terms of the base units of measurements, or indirectly related through sound theoretical equations. Definitive methods, together with certified reference materials, are primary means for transferring accuracy, i.e. establishing @T06420@.