diffusion potential

For an ideal @D01739@, \(\Delta \mathit{\Phi }_{\text{d}}\) is the integral of \(\nabla \mathit{\Phi }\) (given by the following equation) across the boundary between two regions of different concentrations. \[\nabla \mathit{\Phi }=\frac{R\ T\ \sum D_{i}\ z_{i}\ \nabla c_{i}}{F\ \sum s_{i}^{2}\ D_{i}\ c_{i}}\] where \(D_{i}\) is the @D01719@ of species \(i\), \(z_{i}\) is the @C00993@ of species \(i\), \(c_{i}\) is the concentration of species \(i\), \(R\) is the @G02579@, \(T\) is the @T06321@, and \(F\) is the @F02325@.
PAC, 1981, 53, 1827. (Nomenclature for transport phenomena in electrolytic systems) on page 1838 [Terms] [Paper]