gain, \(G\)

of a photomultiplier
The gain of a @[email protected] is given by the equation \(G=k\ \sigma ^{n}\), where \(k\) is the efficiency of @[email protected] of photoelectrons on the first dynode, \(\sigma \) is the secondary emission ratio, i.e. the number of secondary electrons emitted for each electron incident on the dynode and \(n\) is the number of dynodes.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1745. (Nomenclature, symbols, units and their usage in spectrochemical analysis-XI. Detection of radiation (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1753 [Terms] [Paper]