A solid-state @T06446@ of thermodynamically @U06569@ @N04193@ into @G02684@ by means of heat treatment.
Graphitization is also used for the @T06446@ of @M03872@ @D01671@ into @G02684@ by heat treatment, as well as in metallurgy for the formation of @G02684@ from thermodynamically @U06569@ carbides by thermal @D01547@ at high temperatures. Such uses of the term graphitization are in line with the above definition. The use of the term graphitization to indicate a process of thermal treatment of @C00841@ at \(T > 2500\ \text{K}\) regardless of any resultant @C01433@ is incorrect.
PAC, 1995, 67, 473. (Recommended terminology for the description of carbon as a solid (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 493 [Terms] [Paper]