The tendency of @[email protected] (or of @[email protected] hydrocarbon-like groups in solutes) to form @[email protected] aggregates in an aqueous medium, and analogous @[email protected] interactions. The name arises from the attribution of the phenomenon to the apparent repulsion between water and @[email protected] However, the phenomenon ought to be attributed to the effect of the hydrocarbon-like groups on the water-water interaction. The misleading alternative term 'hydrophobic bond' is discouraged.
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1123 [Terms] [Paper]