- Regarding a material quantity or instrument's @[email protected]; the dependence of a value on the direction of change from a previous characteristic value. It may be quantified by the difference between the upscale and downscale variation starting from fixed lower and upper measurement points (@[email protected]).
- The difference in temperature or pressure for the transition of one phase to another in the forward and reverse directions. It also refers to the corresponding difference in magnetic, electric or stress field in reversing the sense of magnetic, electric or @[email protected] @[email protected] in ferromagnetic, ferroelectric or ferroelastic materials.
- Hysteresis (@[email protected]) occurs when there is a difference between the emf first observed in a solution containing a concentration of A and a second observation of the emf in the same solution after exposing the electrode to a different concentration of A. The @[email protected] is generally in the direction of the concentration of the solution in which the electrode was previously immersed. Hysteresis is thought to be a kinetic process. Normal, reversible responses are expected when sufficient time is allowed for the system to return to its initial condition.