https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.L03551
A linear correlation between the logarithm of a @[email protected] or @[email protected] for one series of reactions and the logarithm of the @[email protected] or @[email protected] for a related series of reactions. Typical examples of such relations (also known as linear Gibbs energy relations) are the @[email protected], and the @[email protected]
The name arises because the logarithm of an @[email protected] (at constant temperature and pressure) is proportional to a standard @[email protected] (Gibbs energy) change, and the logarithm of a @[email protected] is a linear function of the @[email protected] (Gibbs energy) of @[email protected]
It has been suggested that this name should be replaced by linear Gibbs energy relation, but at present there is little sign of acceptance of this change. The area of physical organic chemistry which deals with such relations is commonly referred to as 'Linear Free-Energy Relationships'.
See also:
σ-constant
Source:
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1136 [Terms] [Paper]