magnetic circular dichroism (MCD)
Magnetic circular @[email protected] is observed when a sample differentially absorbs left- and right- circularly polarized light in a magnetic field parallel to the light beam.
  1. The MCD signal, \(\Delta\), is calculated as \[\Delta = \frac{\alpha(\lambda)^{-}\,-\,\alpha(\lambda)^{+}}{\alpha(\lambda)^{-}\,+\,\alpha(\lambda)^{+}}\] with \(\alpha(\lambda)^{-}\) and \(\alpha(\lambda)^{+}\) the absorption coefficients for right and left circularly polarized light, respectively. The spectra are a representation of \(\Delta\) vs @[email protected] Often, \(\Delta\) is recorded as a function of the applied field (up to \(10\ \text{T}\)) and the temperature.
  2. Phenomenon related to 'magnetically induced @[email protected] (Faraday effect)' by the 'Kramers-Kronig transformations', which connect optical refraction and absorption, i.e., MCD is observed in optically active materials at wavelengths with non-vanishing absorption. It occurs for @[email protected], @[email protected] and (@[email protected])-ferromagnetic material and has been observed from IR (@[email protected]) to X-ray regions. MCD optical transitions in molecular species arise if (i) degenerate electronic states are split in the presence of a magnetic field ([email protected]@) or (ii) states are mixed together by the applied magnetic field ([email protected]@). This may occur in the initial or the final states.
  3. MCD is used as a probe of paramagnetism that permits the identification of the electronic and magnetic properties of the ground states of transition metal ion centres. The @[email protected] dependence of MCD can be used also to identify and assign optical transitions from metal ion sites.
  4. Technique complementary to both EPR and electronic absorption spectroscopies in facilitating assignment of the ground-state spin and electronic transitions of a molecular entity.
PAC, 2007, 79, 293. (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 368 [Terms] [Paper]