natural atomic orbital (NAO)
A @V06588@-shell atomic orbital whose derivation involves diagonalising the localized @B00682@ of the full density matrix of a given molecule associated with basis functions \(\chi _{i}\left(\text{A}\right)\) on that atom. A distinguishing feature of NAOs is that they meet the simultaneous requirement of orthonormality and maximum occupancy. For isolated atoms, NAOs coincide with natural orbitals. In a polyatomic molecule the NAOs (in contrast to natural orbitals that become delocalised over all nuclear centres) mostly retain one-centre character, and thus are optimal for describing the molecular @E01986@ around each atomic centre.
PAC, 1999, 71, 1919. (Glossary of terms used in theoretical organic chemistry) on page 1954 [Terms] [Paper]