passive state

in electrochemical corrosion
The passive state is characterized by a contiguous 'passivating @[email protected]' of solid @[email protected] products separating the metallic phase from the adjacent electrolyte. @[email protected] in the passive state involves growth of the passivating @[email protected] and/or transfer of metal ions through the @[email protected] into the electrolyte.
PAC, 1989, 61, 19. (Electrochemical corrosion nomenclature (Recommendations 1988)) on page 21 [Terms] [Paper]