A solid state device, usually a @S05591@ such as silicon, which absorbs photons with energies higher than or equal to the @B00593@ and simultaneously produces electric @P04792@.
Sources: PAC, 1991, 63, 569. (Terminology in semiconductor electrochemistry and photoelectrochemical energy conversion (Recommendations 1991)) on page 593 [Terms] [Paper] PAC, 1996, 68, 2223. (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 2265 [Terms] [Paper]
Cite as: IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). Online version (2019-) created by S. J. Chalk. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. https://doi.org/10.1351/goldbook.