An extrachromosomal genetic element consisting generally of a circular duplex of @[email protected] which can replicate independently of chromosomal @[email protected] R-plasmids are responsible for the mutual transfer of @[email protected] @[email protected] among microbes. Plasmids are used as @[email protected] for cloning @[email protected] in bacteria or yeast host cells.
PAC, 1992, 64, 143. (Glossary for chemists of terms used in biotechnology (IUPAC Recommendations 1992)) on page 162 [Terms] [Paper]