qualitative analysis

Analysis in which substances are identified or classified on the basis of their chemical or physical properties, such as chemical reactivity, @S05740@, @M04000@, @M03821@ point, radiative properties (emission, absorption), mass spectra, nuclear half-life, etc.
See also:
quantitative analysis
PAC, 1995, 67, 1699. (Nomenclature in evaluation of analytical methods including detection and quantification capabilities (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1701 [Terms] [Paper]