A quantity used in collision theories of reactions in order to interpret calculated or experimental rates. In some collision theories the reaction cross-section is considered to be related to \(b_{\max }\), the maximum value of the @I02987@ that allows reaction to occur, by: \[\sigma _{\text{r}}=P_{\text{r}}\ \pi \ b_{\max }^{2}\] where \(P_{\text{r}}\) is the @R05176@.
collision cross-section
impact parameter
PAC, 1996, 68, 149. (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 183 [Terms] [Paper]