Also contains definitions of: reflectance factor, reflectivity
Fraction of incident radiation reflected by a surface or discontinuity, \(\rho(\lambda) = \frac{P_{\lambda} ^{\text{refl}}}{P_{\lambda} ^{\text{0}}}\), where \(P_{\lambda}^{\text{0}}\) and \(P_{\lambda}^{\text{refl}}\) are, respectively, the incident and reflected @S05828@.
The reflectance for a beam of light normally incident on a surface separating two materials of refractive indices \(n_{1}\) and \(n_{2}\) is given by \[\rho(\lambda) = \frac{\left ( n_{1}\,-\,n_{2}\right )^{2}}{\left ( n_{1}\,+\,n_{2} \right )^{2}}\] Reflectance increases as the @A00346@ of incidence decreases from 90 degrees.
PAC, 2007, 79, 293. (Glossary of terms used in photochemistry, 3rd edition (IUPAC Recommendations 2006)) on page 413 [Terms] [Paper]