Originally, compounds such as @[email protected] and @[email protected] having the @[email protected] formula Cn(H2O)n, hence 'hydrates of carbon'. The generic term carbohydrate includes @[email protected], @[email protected] and @[email protected] as well as substances derived from @[email protected] by reduction of the carbonyl group (@[email protected]), by @[email protected] of one or more terminal groups to @[email protected], or by replacement of one or more hydroxy group(s) by a hydrogen atom, an amino group, thiol group or similar groups. It also includes derivatives of these compounds.
PAC, 1995, 67, 1307. (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1325 [Terms] [Paper]