An electrophile (or electrophilic @[email protected]) is a @[email protected] that forms a bond to its reaction partner (the @[email protected] ) by accepting both bonding electrons from that reaction partner. An 'electrophilic @[email protected]' is a @[email protected] reaction in which the @[email protected] supplying the @[email protected] acts as an electrophile. For example:
Electrophilic reagents are @[email protected] 'Electrophilic @[email protected]' is @[email protected] by Lewis acids. The term 'electrophilic' is also used to designate the apparent polar character of certain @[email protected] as inferred from their higher relative reactivities with reaction sites of higher @[email protected]
See also:
PAC, 1994, 66, 1077. (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1111 [Terms] [Paper]