A mixture of substances B, C, ... is called an ideal mixture when \(a_{\text{B}}=x_{\text{B}}\), \(a_{\text{C}}=x_{\text{C}}\), ... or \(f_{\text{B}}=1\), \(f_{\text{C}}=1\) where \(a_{\text{B}}\) and \(f_{\text{B}}\) are the @[email protected] and the @[email protected], respectively, of a substance B in a liquid or solid mixture.
PAC, 1994, 66, 533. (Standard quantities in chemical thermodynamics. Fugacities, activities and equilibrium constants for pure and mixed phases (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 543 [Terms] [Paper]